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The Republic of Kasmar (French: République du Kasmar), officially the Democratic Republic of Kasmar (French: République Démocratique du Kasmar), is a Mediterranean state comprised out of islands in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea. The two main islands account for up to 98% of the republic's land size. Corse and Sardegna are the two of the ten provinces. The Republic's capital is the city of Isle de Kanos, located off the north-western shores of Sardegna. Isle de Kanos also forms a third province - the Capital Territory. The country is often simply just called "Kasmar" by the local population.

History

Corse, also known as Corsica, is an island in the Mediterranean Sea, just off the coast of Southern France. It is has been occupied continuously since the Mesolithic era, first discovered by the Greeks. It acquired an indigenous population that was influential in the Mediterranean during its long prehistory. It also is the main producer of agricultural goods in Kasmar.

Just south of Corse is the island of Sardegna, also known as Sardinia. Controlled by the Italians for much of it's time, the island sits off the western coast of Italy. The island is home to the country's manufacturing industry, as well as a major shipping hub.

Formation of the Republic of Kasmar

In 1924, a bloody uprising in Corse and the resulting coup d’etat forced the regional government out of power, much to the alarm of the French. The revolting population, led by a mysterious figure known by the name of "Kasmar," declared independence from France. Outraged, the French government declared war on the people of Corse, sparking a five year campaign in an attempt to recapture the island.

However, the aftermath of World War One severely hampered reactions due to the state of France's economy. While each attempt saw further and further successful territorial claims, the collapse of the American stock market severely impeded efforts to retake the island. The beginning of the Great Depression heavily contributed to the French withdrawal of the island. The campaign to retake the island was declared a failure and the French retreated from the island. Thus, the Republic of Corse was formed. However, it was renamed to the Republic of Kasmar shortly after by popular vote.

Annexation of Sardegna

In the late 1930s, the island of Sardegna was forcibly annexed by Corse, forming the Republic of Kasmar. The Republic was heavily denounced by foreign nations. Foreign intervention was minimal and the Great Depression lessened chances of retaliation from the Italians.

World War II

The start of World War II in Europe jump-started the war machines. Shortly before the attack on Pearl Harbor, the Axis powers invaded the islands, led by the Italians. Their forces ruthlessly took over both islands in a short amount of time, leaving no time for the Republic to act. Germany landed in Corse while the Italians landed in Eastern Sardegna. Resistance to the invasion was quickly smoothered by the enactment of naval blockades. Mass starvation and civil unrest ensued. The invading forces attempted to commandeer the Republic's naval forces. However, many of the Kasmarian naval officers, proud of their nationalistic views, scuttled the ships in their arsenal. The few ships the Axis powers managed to capture proved to be of little use.

As the war began to pick up, many of it's citizens were forced into military service by both the Germans and Italians. Any resistance at home was suppressed heavily and soon national morale was broken as many lost faith in ever regaining independence. Underground resistance movements attempted to boost morale secretly by spreading news of the Allies' victories. One particular news piece that inspired a revamped resistance movement was the British victory during the Battle of Britain.

Even with the morale-boosting news, the resistance movement was seemingly inactive. This belief was soon exposed to be false in July of 1943 as the resistance began executing plans, sabotaging and destroying fuel depots, munition storage, communication centers, and other strategic emplacements. News of the Allies landing in Sardegna caused violent riots and increased resistance activity in Corse. By New Years, both Corse and Sardegna were freed from Axis control. The resistance aided Allies and joined them in their push into mainland Europe, but not before securing their homeland.

Cold War to Fall of the Soviet Union

Like many economies post-World War II, Kasmar's economy was in ruins, with many of it's industry and agricultural producers destroyed during both the Axis and Allies landings. By 1948, only a fraction of it's former GDP was revived, with improvements and repairs being slowed by the lack of materials and funding. Much to the dismay of Kasmarians, they were excluded from the Marshall Plan. Political unrest grew, flooding the country at a rapidly expanding rate.

Today, historians note that the prominent economic inequality is a major contributing factor to the Communist Party's rise to power in the government. By the end of the year, protests began breaking out at the lack of foreign aid and government action. In what is known as the "Kasmar Revolt," the Communist Party took the opportunity to overthrow the government from within, quickly forming a new one and renaming the country to the Soviet Republic of Kasmar. In closed talks with the Soviet Union, the new government managed to secure funding for the rebuilding of the war-torn nation, causing approval ratings to sky rocket.

With funding secured, materials began to be imported from the USSR and the economic recovery slowly began to take off. By the end of the 60's, Kasmar's GDP far surpassed their former GDP, however the growth slowed down, limited by the Molotov-type economic plan the government had secured in 1949.

Early '90s to 2010

The dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 caused little disruption to the general public. The government, however, was thrown into chaos. The loss of the Soviet Union complicated the economic downturn the country was facing as well as lost political power. By 1994, the economical and political instability of the issue reared it's head as the largest private bank closed it's door and declared bankruptcy. The economy dove sharply and details of corruption linked to the bankruptcy were leaked. Riots and protests broke out across the country as a result. Surveys and research conducted during the time by independent groups showed that the approval rating dropped from a 68% to close to 30%. The research also showed a decrease in wealth for the common people, leaving the politicians as the most unaffected by the economic situation. The media was censored and the island nation was shut off to the outside world.

As protests and riots grew in severity, the government responded by cracking down on protests and opposition leaders hard, executing and imprisoning hundreds. Fueled by outrage, in 1998, the government was toppled as the military turned on the government and aided the populous in forcing the Communist Party out of power. The coup d'etat gave way to the breakout of a civil war between the Communists, Fascists, and the Progressives. The military remained out of the conflict, overwhelmed by the sheer numbers of those fighting.

In 1999, the military announced the establishment of the Constitution of 1999. The leaders of the Fascists and Progressive convened with the commander of the military and over the course of two years, established a temporary government. The military, backed by the Fascist and Progressive forces, pushed into the The civil war ended when the territory under the Fascists and Progressives were called to vote.

The 2000 Elections brought hard-line anti-Communists Richard Calron as President and Alex Faalon as Prime Minister. The landmark election was marked by the President over-reaching his powers within his first 100 days, attempting to take on a few domestic polices. Calron took on the role of dismantling the Communist standing within the government, as well as destroying many statues of Communist leaders. The initial response by the Kasmarian legislation was reluctant, with little action being taken. Following wide-spread criticism both domestically and internationally, both the Senate and Commons instated powerless legislature. Unsatisfied by the reaction, a lawsuit was filed in 2003. Orion v. Kasmar was quickly taken to the Supreme Court and the Courts deemed the enacted legislation to be unlawful and that government action be taken to prevent future oversteps of power. For the remainder of his presidency, Calron heavily influnced Faalon's anti-Communist legislation, further bolstered by the support of the Commons.

In the elections of 2008, Calron and Faalon lost to the more moderate [PLACEHOLDER] of the Democratic Progressive party. However, shortly after entering power, the 2008 financial crisis caused unemployment rates to skyrocket and the economy free fall even further. Government approval ratings plummeted.

Against advice from economists, [PRIME MINISTER2] proposed a bill to lower taxes and increase government spending in a desperate attempt to kickstart economic growth. The bill also proposed to rollback Calron's anti-welfare legislation. In a separate bill, he proposed to introduce a welfare system to combat the rising poverty levels. With support from their party and the president, both bills became legislation and the Department of Kasmarian Welfare was created. The social welfare legislation was met with criticism by the opposing parties and accused both the president and prime minister of being communists. The public, however, greeted the legislation with caution.

In June 2009, while the bills were being finalized, anti-Communist separatists, over a span of a week, caused chaos across the Capital Territory, with property damage estimated to be nearly $14.2 million. However, this did little to stop the bills from passing, only stalling them. At least 124 people were killed in the June 2009 attacks, with a further 284 people injured. [PRESIDENT2] and [PRIME MINISTER2] denounced the attacks, calling the perpetrators cowardly and promising that they will pay for carrying out the attacks. In the following months, police and military presence was heavy, only winding down as 2010 came to a close.

Post-2010

On August 24, 2011, [PRESIDENT2] was shot by a sniper as he left a hotel of a press conference at 1:36 PM. An hour later, the [PRIME MINISTER2] was killed in a car bomb denotation. He was rushed to the hospital in critical condition and was pronounced dead two hours later at 4:15 PM. Thirteen bystanders were killed in the bombing, with forty others injured. Secretary of State Angela Montgomery and DemPro leader Killian Ryan took office temporary until the Elections of 2013.

Grant Macmillan and Alice Kléber of the Moderation Party took office, as president and prime minister respectively.

On July 9, 2017, President Macmillan announced that Kasmar would being joining the Eurasian Pact, alongside the Eastern Roman Republic, the Republic of Sumatra, and the Union of Bavaria. The announcement coincided with the signing of the document, headed by Secretary of State Markus Bernard. Macmillan was unable to attend due to pressing issues relating to budgeting.

Geography

The island of Corse consists of mountainous terrain, as well as extensive forests. The island is a prime location for agriculture.

The island of Sardegna is also...

Kasmar's location in the Mediterranean Sea makes it a prime location for tourism and trade. The islands' natural harbors allow for cheap construction of ports with minimum change to the harbor floor. The coast is a prime attraction for tourists, as is the massive natural reserve located on Corse.

Political Structure

Throughout much of it's history, Kasmar has been a democratic system of government. Although the levels of democracy have changed greatly through the years, today, the Democratic Republic of Kasmar is a democratic republic. The current political system is a bicameral legislature, semi-presidential federal republic. The government of Kasmar is formed by three branches: the executive branch, the legislature, and the courts.

Executive Branch

The executive branch is split into two parts: the President and the Prime Minister. The president is the figure-head of the country and mainly handles foreign and military policies. The prime minister on the other hand handles the domestic and economic policies. Both president and prime minister serve four year terms. As of now, there are no term limits on the presidency or for the prime minister.

While the president is voted in by the people, the prime minister is attached to the president's vote and is voted in by the political party.

Legislative Branch

The legislature is formed of two houses: the Senate (upper chamber) and the Commons (lower chamber). The Senate is formed of fifty senators while the Commons is currently formed of 374 representatives.

The Senate has equal representation, with each of the ten provinces getting five senators. Though significantly smaller than the Commons, the Senate wields just as much power as the lower house. The Commons, on the contrary, is divided based on population. Currently, Southern Sardegna has the largest amount of representatives due to being a major population center, with the Capital Territory coming in second.

Judicial Branch

The Kasmarian court system is set up in a similar manner to the American court system. However, unlike American courts, the Kasmarian courts hold a bit more firm power, thus making them a force to be reckoned with when it comes to laws. The federal courts mainly handle appeals, but the Supreme Court handles many controversial cases, such as gay marriage, equal rights, and the constitutionality of laws. The Supreme Court is headed by seven judges, all appointed for life.

Economy

The economy of Kasmar is heavily reliant on the manufacturing industry of Sardegna, as well as the tourism industry of both islands. Sardegna's manufacturing industry represents a little over a fourth of the national GDP. Agricultural exports, mainly from Corse, represents a small fraction of GDP, only accounting for 3.7% of the GDP. Much of Kasmar's economy focuses on tourism, which forms up to 67% of the GDP, with the remaining percentage being made up of other industries such as real estate, commercial services, finance and information, utilities, and technical services.

Trade

Kasmar currently has no active trade agreements with other nations. Sardegna is the heart of industry while Corse is the agricultural heart.

Tourism

Tourism is a strong point in the national economy, accounting for a little over half of the GDP. The Department of Tourism actively advertises the natural beauty of both islands, including the national forests, hiking trails, beaches, and more. The Mediterranian weather is also a strong point in the advertisment campaigns of the Department of Tourism.

Infrastructure

The infrastructure of Kasmar is in the process of being upgraded. The power grids for both islands have been successfully revamped and fibre-wired internet is currently being rolled out by the government-owned ISP. Isle de Kanos is currently in the process of constructing a nuclear power station, as well the expansion of high-speed rail connections from Sardegna. Kanos International Airport is also seeing expansion plans, mainly to accommodate a military air base.

Armed Forces of Kasmar

Kasmar's military is formed of mostly Soviet-Era equipment. Since it's violent return to a democratic government, not much attention was given to the military, with only enough funding to maintain the equipment. Up until President Macmillan took office along side Prime Minister Kléber, previous leaders focused their attention on removing corrupted officials from office, as well as "de-communizing" the country.

Macmillan is currently proposing a modernization program for the military, mainly for the navy and air force. Such proposals have been greeted warmly by the populous and opposing parties have been heavily criticized by both civilians and the majority party, seeing opposition to the military modernization as "un-nationalistic."

FOLLOWING NUMBERS ARE NOT FINALIZED - SUBJECT TO CHANGE UNTIL FURTHER NOTICE

Army

The Army, like the other four branches of the military, use equipment built during the Soviet-Era. Infantry are equipped with AK-47s and the mechanized forces are comprised of T-72s and other vehicles.

Vehicle Role Number In Service Notes
Armored Vehicles with Treads
T-54 Main Battle Tank - Retired, unknown number still in service
T-72 Main Battle Tank 133 Under consideration for retirement
T-80 Main Battle Tank 164 -
BMP-2 Infantry Fighting Vehicle 240 -
BMP-3 Infantry Fighting Vehicle 240 -
Anti-Air Emplacements
Buk-M1 Medium-Range SAM - -
ZU-23 Towed Anti-Air Autocannon - -
Artillery Vehicles
BM-27 Uragan Self-propelled MRLS - -
BM-30 Smerch Self-propelled MRLS - -
TOS-1 Self-propelled MRLS - -

Navy

The Kasmarian navy is formed of many Soviet-Era ships. It is currently classified as a "green-water navy." Unlike the other branches, the naval branch is to be allocated the least amount of money for modernization, though many Senators have pointed out that the navy is source of much of the republic's political power.

Ship Class Role Number in Service Notes
Crusiers
Kara Class Guided Missle Cruiser 5 -
Kirov Class Battle Cruiser 4 -
Aircraft Carriers
Kiev Class Aircraft Carrier 1 Converted into a museum ship

Frigate

Riga Class Destroyer Escort 5 -
Kirvak class Anti-Submarine 7 -
Destroyer
Sovremennyy Class Anti-Surface 8 -
Kashin Class Guided Missile Destroyer 6 -
Landing Ships
Ropucha Class Transport 10 -

Air Force

The Kasmarian Air Force is currently formed of a handful of Soviet-Era aircraft, mainly Sukhoi's Su-25s and Su-27s, Mikoyan MiG-29s, and Ilyushin Il-76s. The air force is currently slated to be allocated the most amount of money.

Aircraft Role Number In Service Notes
Fixed-wing Aircraft
Sukhoi Su-25 CAS 32 May be replaced by multi-role fighters
Sukhoi Su-27 Air Superiority 38 -
Mikoyan MiG-29 Air Superiority 24 -
Tupolev Tu-22M Bomber 3 -
Tupolev Tu-160 Bomber 1 -
Ilyushin Il-80 Airborne Command Center 1 -
Ilyushin Il-76 Heavy Transport 14 -
Ilyushin Il-86 Transport 5 -
Antonov An-26 Transport 10 -
Non-Fighting Aircraft
Tupolev Tu-204 VIP Transport 2 Used to transport officals
Ilyushin Il-96 VIP Transport 1 Presidential Aircraft
Helicopters
Kamov Ka-50 Attack/Scout - -
Kamov Ka-52 Attack/Scout - -
Mil Mi-8 Attack/Scout - -
Mil Mi-24 Attack/Transport - -
- - - -

Miscellaneous

Alliances and Relations

Relations

Entity Type Current Standing Notes
Eastern Roman Republic Country Allies Member of the Euasian Pact
Republic of Sumatra Country Allies ^
Union of Bavaria Country Allies ^

Alliances and Treaties

  • Eurasian Pact

List of Important Events

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